Forced Convection Heat Transfer To Boiling Helium In A Tube

This paper describes a study carried out to obtain the heat transfer characteristics of liquid helium l in a vertical tube under forced convection conditions. The test section was a straight stainless-steel tube with a length of 8.5 cm and an id of 0.109 cm. Helium pressures ranged from 1.1 to 1.9 atm (0.11 to 0.19 MN m−2) and qualities (vapour mass fractions) ranged from zero to 1. Results were correlated using conventional equations and compared with the data already obtained. The hysteresis observed in the nucleate boiling region is qualitatively discussed. The quality dependence of two-phase flow heat transfer was clearly observed during an increase, but not during a decrease, of heat flux or quality.

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